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치과용 임플란트 지대주나사의 조임체결력에 따른 지지골과 지대주나사의 유한요소법 응력 분석

A finite element stress analysis on the supporting bone and abutment screw by tightening torque of dental implant abutment screw

대한치과기공학회지 2020년 42권 2호 p.99 ~ 105
이명곤,
소속 상세정보
이명곤 ( Lee Myung-Kon ) - Catholic University of Pusan College of Health Sciences Department of Dental Laboratory Science

Abstract


Purpose: A study analysed the stress distribution of abutment screw and supporting bone of fixture by the tightening torque force of the abutment screw within clinical treatment situation for the stability of the dental implant prosthesis.

Methods: The finite element analysis was targeted to the mandibular molar crown model, and the implant was internal type 4.0 mm diameter, 10.0 mm length fixture and abutment screw and supporting bone. The occlusal surface was modeled in 4 cusps and loaded 100 N to the buccal cusps. The connection between the abutment and the fixture was achieved by combining three abutment tightening torque forces of 20, 25, and 30 Ncm.

Results: The results showed that the maximum stress value of the supporting bone was found in the buccal cortical bone region of the fixture in all models. The von Mises stress value of each model showed 184.5 MPa at the 20 Ncm model, 195.3 MPa in the 25 Ncm model, and 216.5 MPa in the 30 Ncm model. The contact stress between the abutment and the abutment screw showed the stress value in the 20 Ncm model was 201.2 MPa, and the 245.5 MPa in the 25 Ncm model and 314.0 MPa in the 30 Ncm model.

Conclusion: The increase of tightening force within the clinical range of the abutment screw of the implant dental prosthesis was found to have no problem with the stability of the supporting bone and the abutment screw.

키워드

Abutment screw; Tightening torque; Supporting bone stress; Fininte element method

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