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Evaluation of oral and maxillofacial swellings using ultrasonographic features

Imaging Science in Dentistry 2019년 49권 3호 p.201 ~ 208
Abdelsalam Tarek Abdallah, Amer Maha Eshak, Mahrous Ahmed, Abdelkader Moustafa,
소속 상세정보
 ( Abdelsalam Tarek Abdallah ) - Minia University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
 ( Amer Maha Eshak ) - Minia University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
 ( Mahrous Ahmed ) - Minia University Faculty of Medicine Department of Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery
 ( Abdelkader Moustafa ) - Minia University Faculty of Medicine Department of Radiology

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristic features of oral and maxillofacial swellings that could be seen on ultrasonographic examinations.

Materials and Methods: Fifty patients with oral and/or maxillofacial swellings were randomly selected, thorough case histories and clinical examinations were done, ultrasonographic examinations with Doppler imaging were performed, and the features of every group were studied. Finally, histopathological evaluations were performed to identify the final diagnosis, according to which patients were classified into 5 groups; group I: inflammatory/space infection and abscess swellings, group II: cystic swellings, group III: lymph node swellings, group IV: benign swellings, and group V: malignant neoplastic swellings.

Results: A significant association (P<0.05), with a contingency coefficient of 0.88, was found between the histopathological and ultrasonographic diagnoses, with ultrasonography having a diagnostic accuracy of 89% in diagnosing maxillofacial swellings. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography was 100% for lymph node and malignant swellings, followed by 98% for inflammatory and cystic swellings and 92% for benign swellings. The sensitivity of the ultrasonographic diagnosis was 100% for cystic, lymph node, and malignant swellings, followed by 91% for inflammatory swellings and 86% for benign swellings.

Conclusion: Ultrasonographic features with Doppler imaging greatly aid in obtaining accurate diagnoses of oral and maxillofacial swellings. Ultrasonography is a recommended imaging tool for differentiating maxillofacial swellings and classifying them accurately.

키워드

Ultrasonography; Biopsy, Fine Needle; Sensitivity and Specificity

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