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Agreement between cone-beam computed tomography and functional endoscopic sinus surgery for detection of pathologies and anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses in chronic rhinosinusitis patients: A prospective study

Imaging Science in Dentistry 2020년 50권 4호 p.299 ~ 307
Nikkerdar Nafiseh, Nikkerdar Nafiseh, Eivazi Nastaran, Lotfi Mohana, Golshah Amin, Eivazi Nastaran, Lotfi Mohana, Golshah Amin,
소속 상세정보
 ( Nikkerdar Nafiseh ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
 ( Eivazi Nastaran ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine Department of Otorhinolaryngology
 ( Lotfi Mohana ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Student Research Committee
 ( Golshah Amin ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Department of Orthodontics
 ( Eivazi Nastaran ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine Department of Otorhinolaryngology
 ( Lotfi Mohana ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Student Research Committee
 ( Golshah Amin ) - Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry Department of Orthodontics

Abstract


Purpose: The diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis requires a comprehensive knowledge of the signs and symptoms of the disease and an accurate radiographic assessment. Computed tomography (CT) is the superior imaging modality for diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. However, considering the lower dose and higher resolution of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) compared to CT, this study aimed to assess the agreement between the findings of CBCT and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS).

Materials and Methods: This descriptive prospective study evaluated 49 patients with treatment-resistant chronic rhinosinusitis who were candidates for FESS. Preoperative CBCT scans were obtained before patients underwent FESS. The agreement between the CBCT findings and those of FESS was determined using the kappa correlation coefficient. The frequency of anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses was also evaluated on CBCT scans.

Results: Significant agreement existed between pathological findings on CBCT scans and those of FESS, such that the kappa correlation coefficient was 1 for mucosal thickening, 0.644 for nasal deviation, 0.750 for concha bullosa, 0.918 for nasal polyp, 0.935 for ostiomeatal complex (OMC) obstruction, and 0.552 for infundibulum thickening. Furthermore, 95.9% of patients had 1 or more and 79.6% had 2 or more anatomical variations, of which nasal deviation was the most common (67.3%).

Conclusion: Considering the significant agreement between the findings of CBCT and FESS for the detection of pathological changes in the paranasal sinuses, CBCT can be used prior to FESS to detect chronic rhinosinusitis and to assess anatomical variations of the OMC.

키워드

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Endoscopy; Sinusitis

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