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Influence of implant mucosal thickness on early bone loss: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science 2020년 50권 4호 p.209 ~ 225
Di Gianfilippo Riccardo, Valente Nicola Alberto, Toti Paolo, Wang Hom-Lay, Barone Antonio,
소속 상세정보
 ( Di Gianfilippo Riccardo ) - University of Michigan School of Dentistry Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine
 ( Valente Nicola Alberto ) - University of Seville Faculty of Dentistry Department of Stomatology
 ( Toti Paolo ) - Guglielmo Marconi University Department of Multidisciplinary Regenerative Research
 ( Wang Hom-Lay ) - University of Michigan School of Dentistry Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine
 ( Barone Antonio ) - University of Pisa Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Needs Pathologies

Abstract


Purpose: Marginal bone loss (MBL) is an important clinical issue in implant therapy. One feature that has been cited as a contributing factor to this bone loss is peri-implant mucosal thickness. Therefore, in this report, we conducted a systematic review of the literature comparing bone remodeling around implants placed in areas with thick (≥2-mm) vs. thin (<2-mm) mucosa.

Methods: A PICO question was defined. Manual and electronic searches were performed of the MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane Oral Health Group databases. The inclusion criteria were prospective studies that documented soft tissue thickness with direct intraoperative measurements and that included at least 1 year of follow-up. When possible, a meta-analysis was performed for both the overall and subgroup analyses.

Results: Thirteen papers fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis of 7 randomized clinical trials was conducted. Significantly less bone loss was found around implants with thick mucosa than around those with thin mucosa (difference, ?0.53 mm; P<0.0001). Subgroups were analyzed regarding the apico-coronal positioning, the use of platform-matched vs. platform-switched (PS) connections, and the use of cement-retained vs. screw-retained prostheses. In these analyses, thick mucosa was found to be associated with significantly less MBL than thin mucosa (P<0.0001). Among non-matching (PS) connections and screw-retained prostheses, bone levels were not affected by mucosal thickness.

Conclusions: Soft tissue thickness was found to be correlated with MBL except in cases of PS connections used on implants with thin tissues and screw-retained prostheses. Mucosal thickness did not affect implant survival or the occurrence of biological or aesthetic complications.

키워드

Alveolar bone loss; Dental implant-abutment design; Dental implants; Meta-analysis; Systematic review; Wound healing

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